Guide for bunions: Check these symptoms and treatment


Have you ever noticed a large toe swell or is it slightly skewed inward? Are you diabetic and notice a change in the shape of your feet? Is there a protrusion of your toe, or so-called inflamed footstep that makes you suffer when you wear shoes and feel your toes all the time? If you notice any of the above symptoms, you may have an inflamed foot or medically known as bunion.

Inflammation of the tumor affects many people around the world and is often seen in people with diabetes or with bone and joint diseases. This inflammation doesn’t cause only pain, but also affects the shape of the feet, and restricting the patient to wear very large shoes.

What is Bunion?

Bunion, or inflamed foot, is a deviation or twisting of the big finger in the foot (the finger called the vulva or the thumb) that moves towards the inside causing swelling of the joint bone.

This emergence coincides with the joint bone with inflammation of the surrounding membranes and swelling of the tissues, causing severe pain to the person, especially when walking; as the position of bones in this abnormal form carries the weight of the body on this joint specifically leads to feel pain with each step. In addition to wearing inappropriate shoes may increase pressure on the joint and thus increase swelling and pain.

There are many guides to tell you about bunions; however, we sum everything you need to know in this article.

Pathophysiology of the bunions

Bunion is mostly hereditary, consisting of tendons, ligaments, and supporting structures of the first foot comb that are placed in an abnormal position. This biological and mechanical anomaly may be caused by a variety of factors associated with the structure of the foot, such as flat feet, excessive elasticity of the ligaments, abnormal skeletal structure, and certain neurological conditions.

These factors are often considered hereditary. Some experts are convinced that wearing improperly designed shoes is the main cause of tumor formation; other sources assert that wearing inappropriate shoes may exacerbate the problem caused by abnormal genetic makeup.

This tumor is usually associated with the deviation of the big toe in the direction of the second toe, and a corner deviation between the bones of the first and second instep of the foot. Small seismic bones under the first instep (which helps the tendon muscle to bend the big toe down) can also be deflected over time due to the deviation of the first instep bone from its normal position.

It may be associated with the development of alveolar inflammation of joints in the large toe, shrink or change the range of movement, and discomfort when pressing the extrusion or the movement of the joint.

Therefore, it was necessary to find the treatment of bunion, although it is a medical problem in the first place, but it has a part about cosmetic medicine, as it affects the beauty of the foot and its appearance as we mentioned earlier.

symptoms of Bunion:

  • Inflammation and swelling of the big toe
  • Feel the pain of the toes when walking or moving the foot
  • Warp or deviation in the big toe inward
  • Redness and skin irritation around joints
  • In advanced cases you may feel some heat in the place of the inflamed joint.

Causes of bunion:

Foot problems often begin in early adulthood, as bones grow and foot problems increase.

The appearance of the bunion is affected by genetic factors, where it is found that most of those who suffer from it already have several cases in the family.

It is also found that its appearance in women is greater than in men, because wearing high heels and narrow shoes press the foot significantly and increases the likelihood of the emergence of this problem.

This tumor can occur due to the weak structure of the foot bones, and is also an evolution of rheumatism and arthritis.

Other causes of birth defects include congenital defects, such as one of the two legs being taller than the other, increasing the possibility of malfunction in the growth of the bones of the foot of the longer leg and may show the problem of inflamed tumor.

Diabetics are also the most susceptible to the onset of inflamed feet, especially those with diabetes.

Treatment methods of bunion

The methods of treatment of the inflamed foot tumor (Bunion) vary from simple to more complicate. The treatment methods begin with the wearing of medical shoes, the treatment of the bunion without surgery and even the surgical procedures. The doctor determines after the clinical examination of the foot and the operation of a CT scan in the appropriate way to treat the condition.


The quality of treatment depends on several factors, the most important of which is the cause of the inflamed tumor, and the development of the situation and its impact on the person’s natural life and the possibility of walking without feeling pain.

Often, the doctor begins treatment by describing some ointments or creams that help relieve swelling, as well as some painkillers that help reduce the pain of the joints of the foot. Massages and warm compresses also help reduce inflammation and pain.

Surgery of bunions removal

 Surgery of bunions removal

Many doctors talk about bunions removal, but what is this and is it useful? Let’s know about it.

It is an operation in which the tissue surrounding the large foot joint is removed and sometimes a part of the bone is removed or some bone holes are made, using wire and metal strips to maintain the normal shape of the foot.

This surgery is used to improve the appearance of the foot and reduce pressure on the big finger, which helps to alleviate the pain of the foot, and help the person to exercise his normal life and wear the appropriate shoes.

The surgery takes about an hour or an hour and a half mostly, and is performed under the influence of the topical or total anesthetic if the doctor agrees.

Surgery of bunions removal is used for people with advanced progressive large-toe deflection with constant pain, or for walking or foot-moving problems. The doctor decides if the surgery is the most appropriate for the case or not, since most cases where the treatment of the disease without surgery at first and if not effective, is resort to surgery.

Here are some of the situations you cannot do:

  • People with allergies against Bing.
  • Who have had bone cancer, or who suffer from it at the time of surgery.
  • Those who have Hemophilia.
  • People who suffer from blood sugar irregularity, or who have high blood pressure.

Alternatives to laparoscopic surgery

Medical footwear

You may be surprised to know that simply changing the quality of the shoe and the medical use of it can significantly improve the condition of the person with bunion formation, but it is a reality.

The medical shoe comes with amazing results with simple cases detected at an early stage, as well as for cases that feel pain at certain times and not continuously, and also for those who do not have other problems with foot.

A medical shoe designed for each person is often designed and customized according to his or her foot size and finger sharpness. The design of the medical shoe is designed to ease the pressure on the joints of the foot and to reduce the swelling of the big toe.

The shoe also works to re-correction the foot and reach the best form approaching its normal shape, reducing the pain of the toes, so as time passes and commitment to wear it all the time.

Removal of laser-inflamed tumor

Laser is a great alternative to many cosmetic procedures, and has been used recently in the treatment of bunion, by intensive radiation, which has the ability to penetrate the skin and tissue without the need for surgical incision.

However, the laser is not used in all cases of bunion removal, as it has not been proven effective in the treatment of advanced cases, which the bones have been damaged, but it results effectively when used in small and medium cases, and the damage is limited to only the tissues and membranes surrounding the joint.

The laser is treated over several sessions determined by the doctor to reach the best possible results.

How to avoid the bunions?

It is easy to detect and treat bunions at an early stage, which is the best of course. Therefore, continuous monitoring of the shape of the foot and its development, especially if there are cases of streptococcus spread in the family; you can detect bunions at the beginning.

The commitment to wearing comfortable and sporty shoes and keeping away from tight shoes and high heels avoids your appearance.

Sports play an important role in reducing the appearance of inflamed foot tumors as well as maintaining human health in general. If you are a diabetic, you should regularly check your foot regularly to discover the agent and speed it up if it appears.

There are also some home remedies to treat bunions, you can use them but they are not enough. Eventually, it is better to see a doctor.


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